1-Judge the knowledge
 2-Scale of measuring intelligence
 3-Healthy competition 
4-Fair selection in jobs 
6-Dependence on luck 
7-Moral side of person
8-Unfair means 
9-Power of intelligence
10-Instruction to improve system 
The human need to judge the knowledge and learning of many persons at the same time and grade them accordingly gave birth to the system of examinations. They became all the more necessary with the progress in education and the advancement in culture and technology. 


Perhaps they are the only means to judge the knowledge and learning of many persons simultaneously. Examination is a word which contains a great fear for the sjudents. But it lost impossible think of any aspect of life without an lination. They have been there in the world ever since the human race into existence. 
 Throughout the world in colleges and universities the examinations are considered as the scale to measure the ability of the students. Unless the students are periodically examined their progress cannot be fitly measured.The universities cannot award degrees testifying the candidates for different jobs.
 As regards the students the examinations make them work hard. They have to go through all the courses of studies as they do not know which questions are to be set in the examination. Thus, examinations promote healthy competition among the students. Examinations provide a great incentive and stimulus to work. Most of students would not work hard without the fear of examination. It majority of the students are not regular workers.
 It is only with the approach of the pination that they get serious about their studies. Examination brings out the that is in them. Examinations prove helpful in selecting competent persons for important posts; the right man for the right job. The selection is fair and impartia1 as the examiner marks each paper according to its worth, without any prejudice.If there were no examinations, fair selection would have been almost impossible. But examinations are not without defects. They make the students resort"' to cramming. They learn by rote as many questions as they can, and depend upon them for their success; It is so because thorough understanding of anything requires deep thinking and very few people are inclined to that. They accept ready-made ideas, and prefer cramming to using their brains. 
 In an examination, much depends on luck. The question paper may contain the same questions which an examinee has memorized or it may have none of such questions. Thus the success or failure of the person may not be the true measure of his knowledge. 
Another aspect of examinations is that they encourage forming and superficial work. They are not a sure test of one’s ability. Chance and luck thoroughly and by chance a question is set in the paper thatchapter the candidate would fare much better as compared with other candidates who unfortunately have not master that chapter so well. 
 Examinations ignore the moral side of a person which is an essential part of his personality. Education docs not mean knowledge of books alone. It concerns the whole man—his mental enlightenment" and moral excellence. The examinations can test the knowledge but not the morals. However, the demerits of examinations do not lessen their importance.
 It is not likely that such an alternative will ever be found. The use of unfair means in examinations is quite common these days . The examination centres are sold and bought by "Qabza group". Candidates resort to copying greasing the palm of the invigilators. They move heaven and earth to approach the examiners. 
The department should adopt the following measures to mitigate the prevalent evils .Objective type tests in place of "Essay Type Tests" should be  introduced. These tests have more reliability and practicability. These help us to test more exactly what we intend to test on a wider range. 
Secondly, the examination centres should be declared prohibited areas where trespassers and miscreants should not be allowed to enter under any circumstances. 
Honest teachers with good reputation should be appointed as invigilators on the special recommendations of the principals and headmasters. If they are still caught indulging in foul practices they should be given exemplary punishments. 
By adopting such stringent measures we can purge our examination centres of prevalent evils. In conclusion, we may say that the system of examinations has to continue. However there, is much room for improvement in the present system. 
The questions set in the examination should test the power of comprehension and the intelligence of a student and not the amount of knowledge he has temporarily stored in his brain. 
The system of examinations should be overhauled because without changes we may not develop the talents of the students. Now a days greater emphasis is laid upon mugging up facts without co-relating them with the practical life. This simply means that the system of education is divorced from the day-today problems of life. The candidates should be given ample time to answer questions exhaustively and a general level of intelligence should be determined by some objective method. It has also been proposed that there should be open book system as far as examinations are concerned. It is based upon the presumption that only those who know the subject will able to answer the questions properly, others cannot. Similarly another suggestion regarding the reforms in the examinations system is to have spaced assessment of the candidate. It is persuance of this suggestion that semester system was introduced in some of the universities of Pakistan. But these reforms have not been able to work properly and it is still to be seen, when other reforms are brought about in the system of examinations.

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